The Zone System

It is not a question of the passport matching you, but of you matching the passport.

In the project The Zone System we examine how, during the course of its short history, the essence of the photograph has changed shape from representation to reference, from being treated as a copy to being treated as an original.

Our study starts with criminal photography, where the earliest manifestations of this shift can be seen. When introduced to the field, photography served the function of registering captured criminals. It did not take long before its function changed character including a registration of all potential criminals; that is, โ€œall citizensโ€. This shift, far from being a historical curiosity, shaped how photography has been used ever since. All forms of visual registration and surveillance can be traced back to these early police registers; reaching from school pictures to passports and video surveillance etc.

In order to portray this shift, we have produced a series of works that play with several of the key features of law-enforcement photography, such as passport photos, mug shots and facial composites. Our aim is to question both the foundations of the particular practice of law-enforcement photography as well as the limits of photographic representation in general.

์กด ์‹œ์Šคํ…œ

์‹ ๋ถ„์ฆ๋ช…์˜ ์ค‘์ถ”์  ์—ญํ• ์ธ ์—ฌ๊ถŒ์‚ฌ์ง„์€, ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ์ด ๋ณธ์ธ์˜ ๋ชจ์Šต๊ณผ ์–ผ๋งˆ๋‚˜ ์ผ์น˜ํ•˜๋Š”๋ƒ ๋ณด๋‹ค, ๋ณธ์ธ์ด ์—ฌ๊ถŒ์‚ฌ์ง„๊ณผ ์–ผ๋งˆ๋‚˜ ๋‹ฎ์•˜๋Š”์ง€๊ฐ€ ๋ฌธ์ œ์˜ ํ•ต์‹ฌ์ด ๋œ๋‹ค.

์ด ํ”„๋กœ์ ํŠธ๋Š”, ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค์˜ ์‹ ๋ถ„์„ ๋“ฑ๋กํ•˜๊ณ  ๋ถ„๋ฅ˜ํ•˜๋ฉฐ ํ‘œ๊ธฐํ•˜๋Š”๋ฐ ์‚ฌ์šฉ๋˜๋Š” ์‚ฌ์ง„์„ ์‚ฌํšŒ ํ†ต์ œ๊ธฐ๊ด€์˜ ๋„๊ตฌ๋กœ์„œ ์ธ์‹ํ•˜๊ณ , ๊ทธ์— ๋”ฐ๋ฅธ ์—ญ์‚ฌ์ , ์‚ฌํšŒ๋ฌธํ™”์  ๋งฅ๋ฝ์„ ๋ฐ”ํƒ•์œผ๋กœ ์‚ฌ์ง„์˜ ์—ญํ• ๊ณผ ๋ณธ์งˆ์— ๋Œ€ํ•ด ๋น„ํŒ์ ์ธ ์˜๋ฌธ์„ ๋˜์ง€๋Š”๋ฐ ์ค‘์ ์„ ๋‘๊ณ ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ํ”„๋กœ์ ํŠธ์˜ ์‹œ์ž‘์€ ์ด๋Ÿฌํ•œ ๋ณ€ํ™”๊ฐ€ ๊ฐ€์žฅ ์ฒ˜์Œ์œผ๋กœ ํ‘œ์ถœ๋œ ๋ฒ”์ฃ„์‚ฌ์ง„ํ•™์—์„œ ์ถœ๋ฐœํ•˜์˜€์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์‚ฌ์ง„์˜ ํ™œ์šฉ์ด ์ „๋ฌธ์  ์˜์—ญ์œผ๋กœ ํ™•๋Œ€๋˜๋ฉด์„œ ๊ตฌ์†๋œ ๋ฒ”์ฃ„์ž๋ฅผ ๊ธฐ๋กํ•˜๊ธฐ ์œ„ํ•œ ์šฉ๋„๋กœ์„œ ์‚ฌ์šฉ๋˜์—ˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ ํ›„ ๋ฒ”์ฃ„์ž๋ฅผ ๊ธฐ๋กํ•˜๋Š” ์šฉ๋„์˜ ์‚ฌ์ง„์€ ๊ณง ๋ฒ”์ฃ„๋ฅผ ์ผ์œผํ‚ฌ ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋Š” ๋ชจ๋“  ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค, ์ฆ‰ ๋ชจ๋“  ์‹œ๋ฏผ๋“ค์„ ๋“ฑ๋กํ•˜๊ฒŒ ๋ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์ด๋Ÿฌํ•œ ๋ณ€ํ™”๋Š” ๊ทธ๋•Œ๊นŒ์ง€์˜ ์‚ฌ์ง„์˜ ์—ญํ• ์„ ์™„์ „ํžˆ ๋ฐ”๊พธ๊ฒŒ ๋ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์šฐ๋ฆฌ๊ฐ€ ํ˜„์žฌ ์ต์ˆ™ํ•œ ๊ณ ๋“ฑํ•™๊ต ์กธ์—…์‚ฌ์ง„, ์—ฌ๊ถŒ์‚ฌ์ง„, CCTV ์นด๋ฉ”๋ผ ๋“ฑ ๋ชจ๋“  ์ข…๋ฅ˜์˜ ์‹œ๊ฐ๋“ฑ๋ก๋งค์ฒด ๋ฐ ๊ฐ์‹œ์ฒด์ œ์˜ ๊ตฌ์กฐ๋Š” ๋ชจ๋‘ ์ดˆ์ฐฝ๊ธฐ์˜ ๊ฒฝ์ฐฐ๋“ฑ๋ก ๊ตฌ์กฐ๋กœ ์—ฐ๊ฒฐ๋ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.

์ด ํ”„๋กœ์ ํŠธ๋Š” ์—ฌ๊ถŒ ์‚ฌ์ง„, ๋จธ๊ทธ์ƒท(Mugshot ๋ฒ”์ธ ์‹๋ณ„์šฉ ์–ผ๊ตด์‚ฌ์ง„), ์šฉ์˜์ž ์ธ์ƒ์ฐฉ์˜ ์Šค์ผ€์น˜์™€ ๊ฐ™์€ ์ดˆ๊ธฐ ๊ฒฝ์ฐฐ ์‚ฌ์ง„ํ•™์˜ ํ† ๋Œ€๋ฅผ ๋ชจํ‹ฐ๋ธŒ๋กœ ์‚ผ์•„ ์‚ฌ์ง„์˜ ์—ญํ• ์„ ํ˜„์žฌ์˜ ์‚ฌํšŒ์  ํ™˜๊ฒฝ๊ณผ ์—ฐ๊ฒฐ์‹œ์ผœ, ์‚ฌ์ง„์˜ ๋ณธ์งˆ ๋ฐ ์‚ฌ์ง„ ๋ฌ˜์‚ฌ์˜ ํ•œ๊ณ„์ ์„ ์‹คํ—˜ํ•˜๊ณ  ์žฌ๊ตฌ์„ฑํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.